USS RANDOLPH CV 15
The second USS Randolph (CV 15) was laid down May 10, 1943 by Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va.; launched June 28, 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Guy M. Gillette, and commissioned October 9, 1944, Capt. Felix Baker in command.
Following shakedown off Trinidad, Randolph got underway for the Panama Canal and the Pacific. On December 31st she reached San Francisco where Air Group 87 was detached and Air Group 12 reported on board for four months duty.
On January 20, 1945, USS Randolph departed San Francisco for Ulithi whence she sortied, February 10, with TF 58. She launched attacks February 16 and 17 against Tokyo airfields and the Tachikawa engine plant. The following day she made a strike on the island of Chichi Jima. On 20th, she launched three aerial sweeps in support of ground forces invading Iwo Jima and two against Haha Jima. During the next four days further strikes hit Iwo Jima and combat air patrols were flown almost continuously. Three sweeps against airfields in the Tokyo area and one against Hachijo Jima followed on February 25 before the carrier returned to Ulithi.
A kamikaze Frances, a twin-engine bomber, hit Randolph on the starboard side aft just below the flight deck, killing 25 men and wounding 106, as the carrier was riding at anchor at Ulithi March 11, 1945. Repaired at Ulithi, Randolph joined the Okinawa Task Force April 7. Combat air patrols were flown daily until April 14, when strikes were sent against Okinawa, Ie Shima, and Kakeroma Island. The following day, an air support mission of fighters, bombers, and torpedo planes hit Okinawa and a fighter sweep struck an airfield in southern Kyushu. Under daily air attack from April 17 on, USS Randolph (CV 15) continued to send her aircraft on CAP and support missions throughout the month.
During May planes from the carriers hit the Ryukyus and southern Japan, Kikai-Amami Island naval base and airfields and Kyushu airfields. Becoming flagship TF 58 on May 15 Randolph continued her support of the occupation of Okinawa Shima until May 29th, when she retired via Guam to the Philippines.
On her next war cruise, as a part of Admiral Halsey's famed 3d Fleet, USS Randolph made a series of strikes up and down the Japanese home islands. With Air Group 16 replacing Air Group 12, the ship launched eight raids on July 10 against airfields in the Tokyo area, principally those on the peninsula east of Tokyo Bay. On the 14th, her planes struck the air-fields and shipping in and near Tsugaru Strait. In this attack two of the important Honshu-Hokkaido train ferries were sunk and three were damaged. Attacks on the Japanese home islands continued for the next few days, and, on July 18, 1945, Nagato lying camouflaged alongside a pier at the Yokosuka Naval Base, was bombed.
Moving southwest, Randolph and other carriers were off the coast of Shikoku, July 24th, for an antishipping sweep of the Inland Sea, during which the carrier-battleship Hyuga was heavily damaged and airfields and industrial installations on Kyushu, Honshu, and Shikoku were hit hard. Randolph's pilots estimated that, from July 10 to 25th they had destroyed 25 to 30 ships, ranging in size from small luggers to a 6,000-ton freighter, and had damaged 35 to 40 others. Randolph's strikes continued right up to the morning of the August 15, 1945 surrender, when her planes hit Kisarazu Airfield and surrounding installations.
Following the end of the war, USS Randolph (CV 15) headed home. Transiting the Panama Canal in late September, she arrived at Norfolk, October 15, where she was rigged for the "Magic Carpet" service. Before the end of the year, she completed two trips to the Mediterranean area to return American servicemen. Then, in 1946, she became a training ship for reservists and midshipmen, and made a Mediterranean cruise in the latter half of the year. After another voyage to the Caribbean, she embarked midshipmen in the early summer of 1947 for a cruise to northern European waters. Randolph was placed out of commission, in reserve, February 25, 1948, and berthed at Philadelphia.
Reclassified CVA 15 on October 1, 1952, USS Randolph recommissioned July 1, 1953. After shakedown off Guantanamo Bay with Carrier Air Group 10, she took on Carrier Air Group 14, departed Norfolk for the Mediterranean, and joined the 6th Fleet on February 3, 1954. Deployed to the Mediterranean for 6 months of Fleet and NATO exercises during 1954 and 1955, Randolph entered the Norfolk Navy Yard June 18, 1955 for installation of an angled deck and other modernization. Leaving the yard in January 1956, Randolph conducted air operations off the east coast for the next 6 months, and was the first Atlantic Fleet carrier to launch a Regulus guided missile from her flight deck.
On July 14, 1956, USS Randolph again steamed east for a seven-month tour of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. When Israel, Britain, and France invaded the United Arab Republic in October of that year, Randolph stood ready. Operating near the Suez Canal, her aircraft provided air cover and surface and air reconnaissance for the evacuation of U.S. nationals from Alexandria. She returned to the United States February 19, 1957.
After a few months operating off the east coast, USS Randolph (CVA 15) deployed to the Mediterranean again July 1, 1957. Between August and December, as political turmoil in Syria threatened to further disturb the already turbulent Mideast, she patrolled the eastern Mediterranean. Back in the United States on February 24, 1958, the flattop made her 5th Mediterranean deployment from September 2, 1958 to March 12, 1959.
USS Randolph was reclassified CVS 15 on March 31, 1959, and conducted ASW operations off the east coast throughout that year and the next, receiving her fourth Battle Efficiency "E" in a row in September 1960.
May 1, 1959 Randolph suffers a flash electrical explosion, in Norfolk Naval Station, killing one.
After overhaul at Norfolk Randolph sailed for operations in the Caribbean and served as the recovery ship for Astronaut Virgil Grissom on America's second manned space flight, a suborbital shot.
October 16, 1961 USS Randolph collides with the Liberian tanker Atlantic Viscountess 325 miles east of Charleston, SC. The collision ruptures a gasoline line on the carrier causing a flash fire which is extinguished in less than 5 minutes.
In February 1962, Randolph was the primary recovery ship for Astronaut John Glenn on his flight, the first American orbital voyage in space. After his historic three-orbit flight, he landed safely near the destroyer USS Noa (DD 841) from which he was transferred, by helicopter, to Randolph.
In the summer of 1962, USS Randolph again steamed to the Mediterranean. Returning to the western Atlantic as the Cuban missile crisis broke, she operated in the Caribbean from the end of October through November. After a Norfolk overhaul, Randolph resumed her station in the Atlantic. During the next five years she made two Mediterranean cruises and a northern European cruise, while spending most of her time off the east coast and in the Caribbean.
April 1, 1964 During night flight operations, the number 3 elevator of Randolph tears loose from its mountings, dropping 5 men and a S-2F anti-submarine warfare plane in the Atlantic. 3 men are rescued.
On August 7, 1968, the Defense Department announced that it would inactivate USS Randolph and 49 other ships to reduce fiscal expenditures in 1969. Randolph was placed out of commission, in reserve, berthed at Philadelphia, February 13, 1969, where she remained until June 1, 1973 when she was stricken from the Navy list.